On the Mondays following a Sunday National Football League (NFL) game, saturated-fat and food-calorie intake increase significantly in cities with losing teams, decrease in cities with winning teams, and remain at their usual levels in comparable cities without an NFL team or with an NFL team that did not play. These effects are greater in cities with the most committed fans, when the opponents are more evenly matched, and when the defeats are narrow.The binging, according to the study, is especially dramatic in fanatical football cities, like Green Bay, Pittsburgh, and Philadelphia. When the Packers lose, for example, a Green Bay resident is 44% more likely to console himself with foods high in saturated fats. After last week's Thanksgiving day trouncing by the Detroit Lions, Packers fans might very well have stopped delicately basting their turkeys, dropping them instead into the deep fat fryer in a fit of despair.
Pierre Chandon, one of the study's authors, told NPR in an interview that a football defeat "increases domestic violence and it also increases traffic fatalities." Apparently researchers have known about the link between sports losses and traffic accidents and domestic violence for years. The innovation of this new study is the way it carefully tracks eating habits after sports matches. People who identify strongly with sports teams--people who say "us" rather than "them" when referring to the team--make dramatically worse food choices when their teams lose. But the choices are largely unconscious. Chandon reported that when researchers would show participants their eating habits, they would ackowledge the truth of the matter, laughing: "yes, it's true, when my team is losing I want comfort food, I want unhealthy food and the hell with that diet." Interestingly, when a favorite sports team wins, fans tend to make healthier food choices, reducing saturated fat in their diet and generally consuming fewer calories.
I heard about the study while listening to the news on the way to work, and I found it all fascinating. Just as I was pulling into the parking lot, I caught the end of the interview, which blew my mind. NPR correspondent Shankar Vedantam shared the researchers' professional conclusions about the study, and I knew the first thing I had to do when I walked into my office was pull up the October 2013 issue of Psychological Science on my computer. Chandon and his research partner Yann Cornill conclude that fans, living vicariously through their favorite teams, make healthier food choices when their teams win because "the satisfaction of winning increases the capacity of people to withstand difficult choices – to pick the salad over the fries." A losing team causes hopelessness, driving people to seek instant gratification; a winning team allows fans to think of the future. They focus on upcoming games, and on the long-term in general, unconsciously choosing nutrients that may not taste like deep-fried yummy, but that increase life expectancy.
Though I'm not a huge sports fan, I actually whooped loudly in my car as I listened to the researchers' conclusions. (Yes, I did shout--people who know me will confirm this is not unusual.) What these French researchers concluded could be on every vision statement of every Christian institution in the world: When we are filled with hope and the promise of victory, we can endure privations because we know how lofty our final goal is. The implication of this sports-fan study suggests followers of Christ wouldn't think of owning a fat fryer; we'd turn down potato chips and curly fries for hummus and celery at every football party. This is because Christians have in Jesus Christ the winningest MVP in human history. We know what the final score will always be: God-infinity, Death-zero. As St. Paul wrote to the Corinthians,
Advent is a wonderful time to consider this truth, because Advent calls us to a little more silence, a little more darkness, a little more simplicity. Advent is not Christmas. Christmas brings feasting and gifts and colored lights and festive carols; Advent lacks these. Advent keeps us mindful of the second coming of Christ, the final victorious establishment of the reign of God. Though we have glimpses of the kingdom even now, "it is necessary for us to undergo many hardships to enter the kingdom of God" (Acts 14:22). Advent invites us to wait for Christmas, to accept some hardships for the sake of the kingdom. Waiting itself is a hardship! Perhaps your family can accentuate the waiting by postponing the lighting of Christmas tree lights, choosing instead to keep a simple Advent wreath in the home, patiently lighting one more candle each week. Some children enjoy setting up a small, empty manger, filling it with pieces of straw which represent kindnesses done for others.
How does your family wait during Advent?